, , ,

The OAS, which has faced criticism for its unbalanced stance on Venezuela, meets for its annual assembly on Monday.

The Organization of American States begins its annual meeting Monday in Mexico, where the political situation in Venezuela is expected to weigh heavily on the agenda.

Road to Cancun: What OAS Leaders Need to Know About Venezuela

The OAS General Assembly will be held in the Caribbean city of Cancun from June 19 to 21 and is scheduled to begin a 7:00 p.m. local time. A separate meeting of foreign ministers is scheduled to be held before the official inauguration at 2:00 p.m. local time to discuss the situation in Venezuela, where the organization will determine if there is a consensus to issue a resolution on the country.

Venezuela has criticized the OAS and its Secretary General Luis Almagro for attempting to meddle in the country’s politics, and justify international intervention.

Two opposing draft resolutions are up for debate at the meeting. One proposal, put forward by Peru, Canada, the United States, Mexico and Panama and supported by other countries, calls for condemning the government of President Nicolas Maduro and attempting to put a stop the National Constituent Assembly to rewrite the Venezuelan Constitution. A second counter proposal, but forward by the 14 countries of the Caribbean Community known as Caricom, calls for an “internal” solution “based on dialogue” and rejecting potential international intervention.

For measures condemning Venezuela to be accepted, sponsors of the proposal including Mexico and the United States would need to win the support of Caribbean countries, most of which have traditionally been allies of Venezuela since Hugo Chavez was president.

Rather than backing the resolution condemning Venezuela, Caribbean nations called for an end to violence and urged both sides of the political divide to begin a new dialogue process. This is in keeping with the government of Venezuela’s attempts to to confront the violent protests called by the opposition that have left at least 84 people dead since they began in early April. The opposition is divided in accepting the call for a dialogue, a process that has received the support of Pope Francis and the Vatican as well as former presidents of the region.

This assembly comes after the first meeting of foreign ministers in Washington on May 31 to discuss Venezuela was suspended due to lack of consensus. A consensus needs to be agreed upon with at least 23 of the 34 members, about two-thirds of the countries. Cuba is not counted as it is no longer a member.

Mexican Social Movements Stand with Venezuela Against Meddling

Social movements from Mexico and Venezuela organized several marches and events Sunday to show support for the South American nation and reject potential intervention.

Ahead of the start of the meeting, Venezuelan Foreign Minister Delcy Rodriguez harshly criticized Almagro and Mexican Foreign Minister Luis Videgaray for verbal attacks against Venezuelan delegates visiting Mexico, Ambassador Carmen Velasquez and Deputy Foreign Minister Samuel Moncada.

“I hold @Almagro_OEA2015 and @LVidegaray directly responsible for the physical integrity of our diplomats according to international law,” Rodriguez said on her Twitter account.

Videgaray and Rodriguez have criticized each other for the past weeks after the Mexican diplomat said Venezuela was not a democracy and voiced support for the opposition in their plans to block the National Constituent Assembly. The Mexican foreign minister said Monday that he will seek support for the resolution on Venezuela backed by Mexico at the meeting.

Moncada also accused the Mexican government of being an “accomplice” of the “verbal attacks” and “physical threats” that he received outside the hotel where the Venezuela delegation was staying.

Rodriguez has said the procedure for Venezuela to leave the OAS, which the country began on April 27, will continue since it takes two years for a country to withdraw from the organization.

“Neither the OAS nor Luis Almagro nor the right wing of the region encouraged by the United States will win against sovereign Venezuela!” the foreign minister said on her Twitter account.

The statement was made after Almagro said that Venezuela’s Interior Minister Nestor Reverol, and the head of the Bolivarian National Guard, Antonio Benavides Torres, were “responsible for very serious violations of human rights.” Almagro’s comments have triggered rejection from several Latin American countries.

Almagro continued his controversial statements on Venezuela Monday ahead of the start of the OAS meeting, saying that Venezuela is suffering a constitutional crisis.

Almagro continued his controversial statements on Venezuela Monday ahead of the start of the OAS meeting, saying that Venezuela is suffering a constitutional crisis.