“A few decades ago we conquered the Moon and were close to reaching other goals. We have succeeded in creating the Internet, we have fast-flying aircraft and, despite this accelerated progression of humanity, we still have children under slavery, “stressed the 2014 KailashSatyarthi Nobel Peace Prize on the second day of Pedagogy 2017.
In his special speech entitled “How education is the key to eliminating child slavery, child labor and exploitation of children around the world,” the world-wide activist referred on several occasions to more than 168 million children in The world, victims of violence, trafficking and child slavery, of which a large number work under subhuman conditions.
“They are sold as animals; Freedom is totally forbidden to them. We can simply say that they come from poor countries and villages, but these children are not the ones who have created poverty, no one has ever created borders or walls, “he said.
“I am happy to know that Cuba, despite the Special Period, the economic embargo imposed by the United States, among other difficulties, invests more than 10% of its GDP in education, when other countries devote from 2 to 6% .
Mr. Satyarthi insisted on the lack of compassion for these issues on the part of humanity, whose dignity is disguised by the traditions and supposed customs. It is the responsibility of individuals, institutions and agencies to denounce and combat child slavery, because “infants can not create unions, rise up in strikes”.
He also mentioned the main factors that lead to child labor, mainly illiteracy and the lack of sound laws and the political will of governments. “What kind of world are we going to leave to the next generations?”
“It takes 22 billion dollars for all these children to attend primary school and an additional 39 billion dollars for them to access other levels. But what does this figure represent when compared to the daily expenditure of $ 1.8 million in propaganda and $ 1.6 billion in the military sector? The world is not poor if it can spend these numbers, “added the Nobel Peace Prize.
“Teachers have the highest moral responsibility, not only teach, but also form their countries (…) Our teachers are the flame, the light (…) We have to create policies and programs that unite the world, not divide it, We can not achieve an education for all if we do not put an end to child exploitation, forced labor (…) Is it too late for the millions of children who work in their childhood (… )do they have no dreams? “